ردمد المطبوع (Print ISSN): 2071-6028

ردمد الإلكترونيّ (Online ISSN): 2706-8722

السنة 12, العدد 47

السنة 12، العدد 47، الشتاء 2021


AL-SHAARAWI'S APPROACH TO INFERENCE IN THE WEAK AND FABRICATED HADITHS AND THEIR EFFECT ON HIS INTERPRETATION.SURAT AL-BAQARAH AS A MODEL

Ali H. Ubaid; Mahmood H Mejbel

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 1-38

This research aims to know the method that Al-Shaarawi followed in inferring weak and fabricated hadiths, by collecting and studying the weak and fabricated hadiths that were inferred in his interpretation of Surah Al-Baqarah, and the effect of these hadiths on his interpretation of the Noble Surah. The fact that Al-Shaarawi's tafsir enjoys wide acceptance among Muslims and gained his great fame. Because of his easy and interesting style that overwhelmed him, and it is known that every scientist has interpretations and arguments that he may not been achieved. As a human who sometimes right or wrong and the interpretation of Al-Shaarawi, despite his fame, he did not receive the hadith study that befits his reputation, and this reason prompted me to study Al-Shaarawi's methodology in inferring weak and fabricated hadiths and their effect on his interpretation, and I chose Surat Al-Baqarah. Because it is the longest surah in the Holy Qur’an, and the benefit will be greater, and perhaps someone will come after me to complete this work, and I ask God for success and success

THE NARRATORS THAT IMAM AL-BUKHARI SPOKE ABOUT IN THE BOOK (AL-DUA`FA AL-SAGHEER) AND INCLUDED THEM IN THE BOOK AL-SAHIH

Dr. Sarmad F. Shafeeq

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 39-88

The hadith characteristic of Imam Al-Bukhari (may God have mercy on him) indicates that he is in front of this art and its first pioneer, how not when he is the genius and the mountain as it is called. And what was entrusted by many researchers in that Imam Al-Bukhari might mention narrators in his weakness, then we see him at other times he comes out for him in the Sahih, which called me to read the narrators whom Imam Al-Bukhari weakened in his weakness and he made them in the Sahih,It has been shown that each of the narrators has something that corrects his hadith on one side and weakens it on the other. Therefore, Imam Al-Bukhari is an awake, clever imam and in front of his art and a suspicion that he comes out in the Sahih to narrators of their weakness himself is not correct, and the study of this research has proven that, praise be to Allah.

HADITHS OF UMM AL-DARDA AL-KUBRA A CRITICAL STUDY

khaldon N. Ismaiel

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 89-144

In this paper, I shed light on the hadiths narrated by the great companion of the jurist, Khaira bint Abi Haddad, the mother of the elder Dradaa, the husband of the great companion, the wise nation, Abu Dardaa, may God Almighty be pleased with them all. To find out if she has a narration in the six books, as I took stock of the hadiths that she narrated, but I did not find a novel for her in the six books, so I studied the hadiths and found six hadiths, then I graduated and studied their basis, considering that the research is a critical study of her narrated hadiths, and I found that there are those who are in the novel About her and mixed with the other and also her name is the mother of Darda, called the minor, so after the death of the great mother of Darda two years before Abi Dardaa, he married the other and carried the same heart, so I translated all the men who narrated about the elder and the minor as well, to distinguish between the two. Through translations of the narrators, I found that some of those who spoke about it did not see them, and perhaps this is from the narrator’s illusion, and I have alerted about this in its place. Speakers of it, if I did not find, strive for opinion on it, and ask God for success. For this, knowing the narrators ’dates from their birth until their death is very important to know whether this narrator narrated the people above him or not, and this depends on the books of the men and their conditions and dates and the books of the ills and the wound and the amendment.

FUNDAMENTALIST APPLICATIONS ON HADITHS OF DESCRIPTION OF ABLUTION FROM THE BOOK OF UMDAT ALAHKAAM IN THE TALK OF KHAIR ALANAM BY ALMAQDISI

Dr. Abdul-Wahab Bin Abdullah Al-Reseni

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 145-192

This research is entitled” Fundamentalist Applications on Hadiths of Description of ablution from the book of Umdat Alahkaam in the talk of Khair Alanam by Almaqdisi”. ‎‏The idea of the current research raised from a previous personal research in rooting the Fundamental Application. I thought that it would be appreciated to apply what have been fundamentally established. I choose the book of ”Umdat Alahkham” because it tackled regulated Hadiths. The purpose of the fundamental applications is to extract the regulations. So, the choice has been Description of ablution hadiths on the beginning. I studied these hadiths word by word and sentence by sentence. I extracted the indicated regulations, applying the fundamental application approach, limiting it to the indications of the hadeath and it's relevant rational indications and information known essentially from the religion. This was done without further Ijtihad on examining. ‎‏if the regulation is abrogated or not or if that indication is separated from it.I came up with some of the Hadeaths’ indications with fundamental regulations, claryfying them and their applications in the selected Hadiths.

THE BASIC RULE (IN ALFIKIH SYSTEM), ITS CONCEPT, CONTROLS, FUNCTIONS, DOCUMENTS, AND TYPES

Dr. Omar H. Ghazzay

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 193-226

This reseach is objectived to eplain the basic rule in Alfikih system as is the case for the details of Alfikih via these aspects (its concept, regulations, features, functions, documents, and types). The basic rules of Alfikih Science is the most important publics benefit and overall in value, and the most important discussion: its rules which. It is the mayor in deriving rulings and the balance that is measured the imams ’thought. These rules are present in the minds of the former scholars who made them public in their initiatives without being written down. Until the second century came, Imam al-Shafi’i placed the first book. Many imams wanted to expand the investigations of assets, but they did not single out its rules for study, until The seventh century Alhegre had came, which singled out had done in this topic, but from the side of the branch’s of the details of Alfikih. This study aims to highlight the basic rule through the aspects like following: concept, controls, features, functions, documents and types.

THE PATIENT'S RIGHT TO MEDICAL CARE AND DIGNITY PRESERVATION IN ISLAMIC LAW

Dr. Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Abed Al-Sawat

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 227-268

This is a study on the rights of patients in Islamic law, and given the abundance and diversity of these rights, it has been limited to two rights, namely: the patient's right to medical care, and the right to preserve his dignity. It has made research in two topics preceded by an introduction, as follows: Introduction: In defining the right and its divisions. The first topic: the patient's right to medical care. In it, she talked about the most important rights branching off this right, which are: his right to life, his right to receive appropriate health care, his right to enlightenment, his right to independence, and his right to confidentiality and privacy. The second topic: the patient's right to human dignity. She spoke about his right to respect and appreciation, his right to justice and equality, and the right to protection. Then she concluded the research with a conclusion that includes a summary of the research and its most important results.

WAR DISPUTES BETWEEN ISLAMIC COUNTRIES AND METHODS OF RESOLVING THEM IN ISLAMIC FIQH

Inas Ibrahim Mahmoud; Dr. Sadik Khalaf Ayoub

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 269-326

The legal rulings evolve with the development of accidents and they differ in different places and times, and from the blessings of God Almighty we have to make the Holy Qur’an a clarification of everything, then follow the Prophet’s Sunnah with clarification, detail and affirmation. From other non-Islamic countries, and the situation differs in the composition of the country between the present and the past, after the country’s development into states that have political and geographical boundaries. Islamic countries that have many names with different borders that separate them from others have a specificity that can be gathered by defining them as the countries in which the rule is for Muslims. Islamic beliefs appear in them and practiced by the population, along with their various rituals, openly. They are partly represented in the present time by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, although its effects are weak, but it is considered a seed of good for the collective voice of Muslims in the world, and because the Islamic religion is one of its realistic characteristics, it is imperative that the rulings between these countries be organized in The various fields according to the reality in which we live, provided that we do not fall into the forbidden contradicting the noble Sharia approach. J detailing how to resolve ongoing conflicts within the periphery of Islamic countries and achieve reconciliation as a legitimate duty on Muslims to address the causes of conflict, or by effective intervention from other Islamic countries and release prisoners, and to respond to the aggression of the offending universities, and this conflict is not permissible with the help of non-Muslims on Muslims, because in This is the focus of the non-Muslim on the Muslim, and this is forbidden.

HYPOTHETICAL ISSUES OF THE SURVEY ON THE SHOES IN THE FOOTNOTES OF AL-BAGOURI

Salah S. Majeed; Dr. Abdul-Rahman H. Shafi

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 327-368

and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, the owner of miracles, and upon his family and companions.At the end of this research it is necessary to summarize the most important fruits that I harvested, which are as follows: A statement of Sheikh Al-Bajouri's effort in the service of noble knowledge, and this is evident through his scientific career in proposing hypothetical issues, which indicates his broad understanding and scientific instinct which God has bestowed upon him. That the hypothetical jurisprudence was not confined to the Hanafi jurisprudence, rather it was dealt with by other Islamic schools, and this was demonstrated through the issues assumed by Sheikh Al-Bagouri, who is one of the flags of the Shafi'i school of thought. And our last prayer is praise be to God, Lord of the worlds .

THE FIQH OPINIONS OF ABU AL-HASAN AL-RASTAGHAFANI (DEAD 345 AH) EXCEPTION OF WORSHIP

Dr. Firas M. Abdullah

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 369-412

This research included the Fiqh opinions of Abu Al-Hasan Al-Rastaghafani (Dead 345 AH) with the exception of acts of worship, which are opinions on Hanafi jurisprudence. Because it is one of the advanced in the doctrine, and study it with the rest of the sayings in other schools, and explain the most correct of them. 1. Al-Rastaghafni went to the inadmissibility of marrying Mu'tazila women because of their infidelity. After tracking the opinions of the jurists, it became clear that it is permissible to marry a Mu'tazila, this is the opinion of most of the jurists - including Al-Shafi’i- and it is the more correct opinion, because they are not worse off than the People of the Book. 2. The opinion of Al-Rostaghafni was that he who swore not to eat and had a date in his mouth and swallowed it, he would not break his oath. It turns out that saying that he has broken his oath after swallowing is more correct. 3. Al-Rastaghafni said that the prayers of the infidels in this world and the hereafter are not answered, because their supplication is invalid and has no regard. 4. Al-Rastaghafni said that the sheep was slaughtered while the place of slaughter remains on its body, which follows the chest at the time of slaughter. It turns out that his opinion is the most correct, because the purpose of slaughter is to bring out the soul and perfume the flesh by coming out of blood.

SELECTED OPINIONS OF AL-BAYHAQI IN HIS BOOK «AL-KHILAFIYAT», THE CHAPTER OF CHARITY A COMPARATIVE FIQH STUDY

Qais S. Jamil

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 413-466

The research aimed to clarify Al-Bayhaqi's selected opinions in his book «Al-Khilafiyat» at the chapter of charity. I studied them a comparative Fiqh study. I studied the debatable issues between Al-Shafiai and Abo Hanifa in the chapter of charity, then compare these opinions with the seven doctrines in the Islamic Fiqh. They are: Hanafi, Shafi’i, Maliki, Hanbali, Dhahri, Zaydi and Imamate. Then I clarified the selected opinions of Al-Bayhaqi.

TESTIMONY OF ABSCOND, AN ORIGINAL FIQH STUDY WITH AN APPLIED STUDY IN SAUDI COURTS

Omar A. Al-Faiz

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 467-504

I chose this topic because of its importance. And because I did not stand on a study that clarified the position of Islamic Fiqh and the Saudi regime, as well as the judiciary in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, regarding the testimony of abscond. The aim of this study is to explain the rule of concealment in bearing witness and performing it in Islamic Fiqh, and a statement of the position of the Saudi regime and judiciary in this matter. This study answers the following questions: What is the ruling on concealment in bearing testimony and performing it in Islamic Fiqh? Is the Saudi regime prevented from concealment in bearing and performing testimony? Did the Saudi judiciary take the testimony of someone who was hiding to bear the testimony, and did he accept concealment in its performance?

THE RULE OF ESTABLISHING LINEAGE WITH THE REVELATION OF THE PROPHET MAY GOD BLESS HIM AND GRANT HIM PEACE

Adel H. Salem

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 505-536

After completing the topic, with the grace of God Almighty, I summarize what was mentioned in the research in brief useful words, as the topic of the research came to explain a ruling related to personal status through a vision, especially the vision of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. It showed the meaning of establishing lineage and methods of knowing it, defined the vision in language and idiomatically, and showed other expressions related to the vision, and it mentioned what God Almighty mentioned about the visions of some of the prophets in the Qur’an and the vision of the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him in the Sunnah, and a vision other than the Prophet in the course of his life pray God be upon him, citing the evidence for the occurrence and occurrence of these visions, and the sayings of the jurists and other scholars on the ruling on these visions have shown that they are true and revelations and have their own legal ruling on them. The sayings of the jurists and their differences in the legal ruling related to a vision other than the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, after his death, peace be upon him, after mentioning the evidence for the occurrence of his vision, may God bless him and grant him peace, has also been judged on this vision related to establishing lineage relying on what the jurists have mercy on them, with Little or no statement and evidence; Because it has an external inherent to prove the rule of lineage or not with this vision.

A FOOTNOTE TO EXPLAIN OF AL-WIQAIA BY JACOB PASHA STUDY AND INVESTIGATION FROM PLATE 46-50 ISSUES IN FASTING AND I'TIKAAF

Abdul-Hameed I. Muhammad

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 537-580

the Chosen One, and his noble family and companions. After this research was devoted to a footnote to explaining the prevention / by Yaqoub Pasha, a study and investigation from the panel: 46-50, for matters the most important of which is that it is an important reference in the Hanafi school of thought, and it included many Of the important issues, and distinguish the accuracy of the presentation and good style, which encourages its dissemination and benefit from it. The researcher followed the descriptive documentary approach, and seven copies were relied upon in the investigation, except for the mother’s copy. The research aims to produce the book by an investigative scientific investigation.

SEEING GOD ALMIGHTY AND THE INFALLIBILITY AT THE IMAM YUSUF BIN HUSAYN AL-KARMASTI (D.906 AH)

Rana J. Jafal; Ibrahim R. Abdullah

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 581-618

This research is a study that aims to find out the opinion of Imam Yusuf ibn Husayn al-Karmasti regarding two issues of belief: the vision of God Almighty and the infallibility of the prophets.He presented the two issues, transmitted the sayings of scholars, and discussed the evidence in a sober scientific manner, and his opinion on them was in agreement with the Ash'ari

NOUR AL-AYYUN SUMMARIZING THE BIOGRAPHY OF AL-AMIN AL-MA'MUN BY IBN SAYYID AL-NAS (D.734 AH) (RESEARCH ON CURRICULUM AND RESOURCES)

Jenan Q. Jameel

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2021, السنة 12, العدد 47, الصفحة 619-654

In this study, the researcher introduced the book "Uyoon al-Athar" from which his author summarized the book "Noor al-Uyoon" and I showed its importance for Biographers and historians. I introduced its author, Ibn Sayyed al-Nas, declaring his scientific rank and the scientists' opinions. Then I outlined the material of the book "Noor al-Uyoon" and approved its author, and explained his abbreviation-based approach and its most important features. She described his historical course in arranging events and facts, and explained the author's accuracy, scientific honesty, and his tuning of names, nicknames and titles. As for his resources, I mentioned them arranged according to their importance, starting with the Qura'n, the prophet's sayings (Hadeeth) (peace be upon him) and the works of the Companions, and the books that can be trusted of. The researcher reviewed texts from the author's book as evidences for what previously mentioned about his course and resources which the researcher documented depending on Sunnah and biographies.