ردمد المطبوع (Print ISSN): 2071-6028

ردمد الإلكترونيّ (Online ISSN): 2706-8722

السنة 4, العدد 15

السنة 4، العدد 15، الصیف 2013، الصفحة 1-672


المحرمات من ماشیة الإبل فی الجاهلیة فی سورة المائدة دراسة تحلیلیة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 1-25

The present paper handles terminologies such as (bahirah, saibah, wasilah and ham) to identify their Quranic reference. It attempts an analytical study to clarify and elucidate these terms as narrated in Al-Maidah Surah, Ayah, 103.This Ayah stresses that the Islamic society should be purified from Pre-Islam norms and traditions that destroyed their economy and exploited their livestock for the benefit of rulers and priests, Livestock peculiar to priests and idols were seen grazing in their desert while they were suffering starvation and poverty because of which they killed their children. Therefore, this Surah has been descended to prohibit Pre-Islam traditions and keep safe man money and fortune after being liberated from pagan doctrines.

أحادیث مستحبات المؤذن فی الکتب الستة دراسة تحلیلیة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 26-111

After searching the Six Books of the Prophetic Sunnah ,the following results can be summarized up:

1. Calling to prayer is a declaration of the prayer times by using specific utterances.
2.The caller should be fair and honest.
3. The caller should be spiritually clean while calling to prayer.
4. It is desirable for the caller to face Al-Qibbla and to be slow.
5. It is recommended for the caller to be endowed with eyesight ,yet it is possible for the blind to call for prayer.

6. The caller will get great reward from Allah for calling to prayer if he intends his calling for the sake of Allah.
7. No historical evidence proves the possibility of allowing women to call prayer and if it was possible, it would be permitted by the prophet Mohammad .
8. There is a disagreement among scientists over the payment to the caller; some of them say it is possible and others say no.
9. The meaning of Tathweeb, how and when it is said ( in the Dawn prayer) is also arrived at in this study.

طبقات الصحابة والتابعین عند الحاکم النیسابوری فی کتابه (معرفة علوم الحدیث وکمیة أجناسه)

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 112-163

It is a clear fact the contemporary writers have exerted great efforts in keeping the prophetic tradition. Amongst those outstanding scientists is Al- Neissaburi who had searched for knowledge since a very early age. He travelled a lot searching for knowledge to various countries such as Iraq, Khurasaan and those countries which behind the river. He was a widely- learned , wrote many books. He had written about five hundred books. Due to his honesty , he became responsible for the judiciary in Neissabur and Nasa. Among the most important subjects mentioned in his books "The Science of Layers". It is the science which enables us to distinguish similar persons in the documentation and those who are similar in age. Thus it is possible to distinguish one from the other and to be acquainted with the trusted ones from those who are weak and also to know the articulated documentation from the unarticulated one. He divided the Layers in his book entitled "The Traditions and their Kinds". He divided the Followers into twelve layers starting with the mentioning of followers who entered Islam in Mekkah such as Abu Bakr , Omar , Othman and Ali "PBU" them. He ended that layer with those followers who had witnessed the Messenger of Allah "pbuh" during the capture of Mekkah or in the last pilgrimage . When he mentioned the followers , he started mentioning those followers who had followed the Ten sublimed "enter heaven" such as Qays bin abi Hazim and Saeed bin al Musseib and others. He also mentioned the latest ones such as Anas bin Malik in Basra , Abdulla bin abi Awfa from Kufa. He actually did a wonderful job in his division in the layers of the followers. This was admitted by Sheikh Ahmed Shakir when he commented on the book "Al-Baith". He depended on various scales; priority in Islam, merit in religion and participation in the battle and so on. I beseech Almighty Allah to consider this work totally for His sake.

ما انفرد به ابن خزیمة من الفاظ الجرح والتعدیل فی صحیحه (جمعا)

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 164-192

The expressions of contest peculiar to Imam Ibn Khuzaima are six in number namely ; the opposite meaning of Hadeeth illegibility to reject or contest, I have no liability for the Hadeeth, our followers do not take his Hadeeth as an evidence, it is not a condition for us in this book and he was a nobel end wise man. It is evident that the expressions of modifications peculiar to Imam Ibn Khuzaima are five in number namely; (he is) one of the material world worshipers, (he, his) the most prominent in memorization in his time, (he is) incomparable trustworthy in his time and (x) is better in memorization two hundred times than (x).
Imam Ibn Khuzaima has a clear and straight forward approach in accepting news and judging men particularly in the expressions his uses in contest and modification which gives an indication of his meticulous search and knowledge of all affairs of the narrator who is addressing. We can see his concern about scientific fidelity by attributing critical statement to those who asserted them of previous scholars and his fidelity in admitting his unfamiliarity with some narrators.
Ibn Khuzaima used sometimes to express contest or might leave it vague in others and judge the narrator in a comprehensive statement. He used to mention expressions of contest and modification in translating sections or as a footnote.

الاحتیاط للدماء فی المظاهرات فی الفقه الإسلامی

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 193-250

Praise be to God that His grace is righteous and peace and blessings on the pro miracles and his family and companions preliminary dignities and after:
At the end of this blessed journey for this search must register the most important fruits that have been picked and can be summarized as follows:
1- between the forensic evidence to prove the legality of reservists and demonstrations.
2 -research shows that the precaution principle used Ancestors which means they have to leave some fear of falling into ill- gotten as Ibn Umar (I make between me and the Sacred sweater nor breaching it ).
3- The jurists controls for reservists not be inconsistent with the religious texts and not be commanded by others and be based on the origin of the considerable and should not be a door for abnormal work with words.
4 shows in the search that the demonstrations are closer to the calculation and denial on the ruling to prevent tyranny or oppression.
5 prevail in the search that the legality of demonstrations observe non-occurrence of sedition and not be a reason to shed the blood of Muslims and their symptoms.
6 suggest in search of the inadmissibility of demonstrators were killed or assaulted, especially if they are not carrying weapons and was a legitimate reason they demonstrated.
The last prayer to thank God, prayer and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions

تعمد تأخیر نزول الحیض بتناول العقاقیر الطبیة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 251-289

This paper is a jurisprudent study of women intake of some medications in an attempt to delay or postpone menstruation dropping beyond its natural term as predestined by Almighty God so that the woman can get longer time to practice a worship of shorter duration such that the woman cannot complete it before the due term of menstruation. It is a kind of worship which requires that the woman is not in her menstruation such as fasting, pilgrimage and in some cases prayers that are linked with a special occasion.
The paper is based on results of medical reports concerning the mechanism of menstruation dropping delay medications to arrive at the most plausible viewpoints in the judgment against taking these medications to show the judgment concerning women purity during the time of postponement and the judgment concerning the worship practiced during this period of time.

الآراء الفقهیة لأبی بکر الصیدلانی فی صلاة الجماعة ((دراسة فقهیة مقارنة))

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 290-328

The blessings of Almighty Allah have helped me to complete this research that I have published to get the master degree at the College of Islamic Sciences-University of Anbar/Ramadi. The most important conclusions of my research are as follows;
1. Group prayer is doomed a must.
2. Women are permitted to go and witness group prayers.
3. It is recommended to repeat prayers with another group.
If I have succeeded, it is a virtue of Almighty Allah, if I have made faults, my excuse is that I am a human being doomed to err as perfection is the sole trait of Allah and infallibility is for his messengers (Peace and Prayers be Upon Them).

التعزیر والعقوبة بالهجر فی الشریعة الاسلامیة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 329-358

Islam has legislated the penalty system so that crimes would decrease and people live in peace. Some of these penalties are directed towards the body such as looting, adultery an so on, and some have psychological implications such as reproach, desertion, boycott and rebuke. The second type of rebuke penalties is determined by the judge who decides on what he considers as an act of reprove and discipline of the criminal, disobedient or peevish. Those who are sentenced by boycott and desertion are those who make heresy or go astray and/ or try to disseminate it, those who commit sins and overtly expose them yet don’t accept advice or guidance and those who do not accomplish a religions duty. Rebuke penalty differs according to the status of the people and the type, size and amount of the sin. In Islam, rebuke is not meant to torture, damage or violate the humanitarian aspect of people, but it is meant to reform and discipline. Thus, rebuke by desertion has been more effective and swifter in discipline than many other judicial penalties when applied or when conditions for its application are prepared. This is so true as its authentication is emphasized in the holy Quran and sunna to protect the community from forsaking and the prevalence of sins, heresy and to go astray among Muslims.

حکم اسقاط الجنین المشوه بین الشریعة والطب

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 359-433

Jurists are not in agreement on a unified definition for the abortion. In stead they use the term miscarriage.
Abortion means throwing the fetus from the womb of a woman whether alive or dead before the completion of pregnancy.
Ahnaf and Shafia have defined the fetus , blood clot and the embryo whose creation is not distinguished . They put a regulation the creation. Hanabila believe that sperm and embryo are exempt from their consideration. Thus their definition is not comprehensive. Malikia and Dhahiriya believe that the fetus everything residing in the womb of the woman regardless of the picture of the human beings.
The distorted is any creature who comes out of the womb his mother deformed.
The distortions in the first group Are very serious or incurable.
The majority of the jurists think that the blow of the soul in the womb is within forty days.
As with the second group the distortions appear between the third and the eighth weeks . They are clear and visible inside the womb such as deformation of the skull growth or brain or the blockade in the wind pipe . The other group is concerned with those who live in defective life depending on the others.
There are other distortions which do not lead to any hindrance of life and which do not kill the fetus. Some hanafiya jurists have given the license for the abortion especially with the father s inability to hire a woman to act as a sucker.
A formation of an experienced juristic committee which takes into consideration the distorted with regard to social and material circumstances. For each case there is a special legal opinion . There are various cases ranging from the ones which can be healed to the ones which cannot. There should be a special committee examining the fetus especially in the first cases. These committees study the heredity factors. If it is found out that the fetus is distorted and it is impossible to treat they decide on the abortion b before the blow of the soul. This is the idea of the Islamic judicious assembly issued by the Egyptian advisory opinion board.

فقه الإمام القاسم بن سلام (رحمه الله) فی أحکام الزکاة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 434-481

Praise and thanks are due to Alninghty allah and peace and prayer be upon our prophet Mohammed and his family and followers.
Emam Alqassim was a coeval of many jurisprudents who were followers of the prophet Mohammed and he got from their knowledge. In addition, he taught many Islamic figures.
The present study approves his importance to men of hadeeth as trustworthy. His jurisprudential opinions about almsgiving contribute in reviewing the precepts concerned with this basic element of Islamic system or religion for instance the precepts concerned with condition of thirty cows are to buy only one if they are less than thirty no need to pay this almagiving and the same is done with the case of 40 aged cows and also a case of 200 dirhams and the increase should be taken into consideration in paying almsgiving.
Zakat ought to be payed from jewelries and tenders of commerce the trader has to check whether it is prolonged to a year. Emam Al Qassim assures the almsgiving (Zakat) on the unripe dates, grapes (utilized) as well as olive since it is considered as seeds and its oil is of benefit whereas the Zakat is not imposed on the loans till being delivered and then the loan become ordinary money; the same is regarded to immatures' and insanes' money. To sum up, the Zakat is imposed on everything whose origin comes from soil since it is of public utility to all poor people.
We may supplicate and praise Allah and payers and peace be upon our prophet Mohammed and his family and followers.

فقه الإمام حبیب بن أبی ثابت القرشی (ت 119هـ) من کتابی الإشراف على مذاهب العلماء لإبن منذر النیسابوری (ت 318هـ) و المغنی لإبن قدامة (ت 620هـ)

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 482-519

Thanks to Allah and peace and prayers be upon the Almighty prophet and to all his followers.

Due to the strenuous exertions spend in writing this papers, it is important to mention the most important result obtained:
1-It has been known from studying the biography of Imam Habeeb Bin Abi Thabit, that he was Qurashi and he was long and one- eyed. He has his Shaykh, students and sons.
2-He was a well-known, dependable and great jurisprudent experts from Kufa. He has the right to Iftaa.
3-He has a prominent opinion in many jurisprudence matters.
4-He claimed in the purity of the blood of mosquito, flies and fleas and this has the point of view of all jurisprudent.
5-He believed in the purity of bat’s urine in a greement with all other jurisprudents.
6-He was praying before Friday imposition four Raka’h and after it four Raka’h and he believed in this point of view.
7-He was not believe in killing a group of people instead of the Guilty one. Instead, he believed in killing the Guilty person only and take from the others their share of tributes.
8-He believed in accepting the pitcher certification if he/ she was punished and take off and this was in agreement with all jurisprudents.

تطویر وسائل الدعوة فی ضوء المواکبة العصریةللفکر الإسلامی

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 520-579

This research investigates an important issue among the issues of the thought and propaganda which is developing the means related to the aspect of the propaganda .
The present research arrives at the following :-
- Necessity of developing means of propaganda and activating this in agreement with the Islamic frames because the human thought in all societies develops by passing time and it is affected by the environment and place . Accordingly , developing the propaganda in the light of the contemporary changes is considered as an urgent necessity .
- The research concentrates on three basic aspects to get success in the propaganda in its cotemporary form which agrees with the age . they are presented by temporal , spatial , and the mechanisms and modern means aspects and how to make use of these aspects for the benefit of the propaganda to realize the highest level of positive results and avoid the negative one or lessen them .
- Necessity of supporting the mosques and the culture Islamic center abroad besides establishing more ones .
- Proceeding to establishing institutes and Islamic research centers which use different languages , particularly , English and French and provide them with all the possibilities needed to achieve their greet message to call for the belief in Allah and correct the concepts born in the minds of the western due to confusion of information and the aggressive countercampaign . it is a must that their wrong ideas about the Islamic religion and the Islamic peoples should be corrected .
- With the emergence of many Islamic satellite channels , the nation is in poor need to set an informatory strategy to adopt a unified propaganda discourse , determine the intended aims , neutralize the one who does not make any danger to Islamic from the confrontation field , exerting the efforts and concentrating them in the right direction by sitting a plan of contemporary programmes which suit the event and its challenges and details .

سورة الهمزة دراسة تحلیلیة دلالیة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 580-611

The research has covered the rhetorical and indicative study for surat AL-Hamza . I have introduced it in a preface . I have explained the prevous and following surats its favor the cause of its descent and the subiect of surat . The first section has covered the Quran’s readings contained in AL-Surat and directing them . I have written in the second section a bout the sewnatic issues in AL-Surat . The third section has addressed the formula and its significance . In the fourth section . I have writton about analytics aspects contained in AL-Surat . Finally , in the fifth section . I have covered the expansion in the weaning in order to uncover about the indicative view which has came AL-Surat . The conclusion has mentioned the most important results .

البرید فی العصور الإسلامیة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 612-635

The postal system was of particular significance as it was one of the establishments that contributed in building the Arab Islamic state. This establishment used to monitor the administrative, political and supervision issues. It was characterized with accuracy in relying news from and into the center of the Caliphate. People running this establishment were famous for honesty and faithfulness. Its development was related to the development of other administrative systems in the Arab Islamic state.

مدینة الدیبل ودورها فی التاریخ الإسلامی

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2013, السنة 4, العدد 15, الصفحة 636-672

Daybol city is a famous city located in Al-Sind area. It has been said that this city is located on Indian sea shore and its important location made it one of the most important harbor in Al-Sind Country. It is surrounded by 100 villages full of population. Before one year of moving the capital to Islamabad in1960 A.D., Daybol name has changed to Karatshi and it became the capital of the modern Bakistan.
The most famous tribes lived in Daybol are: Al-Badha who are divided onto many tribes and the most important of these are Al-Zint, and Al-Meed tribes.
There are many languages in Daybol city before and after Islam and the Sinsikriti language was the formal language in it. Trade is the Cornerstone in their lives because its location constitutes the cross meeting for all countries surrounding it.
The first Islamic liberation operation for Al-Sind was in the era of Omer Bin Al-Khattab (13-23 B.C. /634-643 A.D.) and continued afterward in the following Eras. On(92 B.C /710 A.D.), Al-Hajaj Bin Yousif Al-Thaqafi has sent the leader Mohamed Bin Al-Qasim Al- Thaqafi to Daybol to liberate it after being occupied. They enter it with force and take from it tremendous benefits. Al-Sind Country was part of India and separated from it on 1947 A.D. constituting Bakistan.