ترجیحات الإمام أبی جعفر الطبری فی فقه العدّة فی تفسیرهِ
مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة,
2010, السنة 2, العدد 8, الصفحة 82-140
الملخصThe present research consists of an introduction and two sections in addition to a conclusion. The first section gives a biography of Emam Al-Tabari, Muhammad Bin Jareer Bin Yazeed Abu Jaffer Al-Tabari, from an Amili birth and Baghdadi origin and death. He was at the end of 224 Hijri and dead in 310 Hijri. Then, the section identifies his name, surname, ancestry, birth, origin, traits, morals, his scientific biography concerning his search for knowledge, his tutors, his pupils, publications, his status among other scholars, his jurisprudence approach, expressions of preference he uses and his approach of exposing jurisprudence problems in his interpretation.
The second section talks about widows waiting period, defines it linguistically and terminologically. It present the evidence for its legitimacy, causes of its necessity, its beginning and end as well as the philosophy behind its legislation. It moves, then, to talks about the cases the Emam has preferred which as seven in number as follows:
The first: The intended meaning of the term " menstruation".
The second: Prohibiting women from keeping back what they hold in their wombs.
The third: In Almighty God recitation " And they(women) have (rights) like(the obligations) they are under with beneficence ".
The fourth: Make up and perfume for the widow during his waiting period as a result of her husband's death.
The fifth: The meaning of "secret" in his Almighty saying " But do not make any promise with them secretly, except that you say some beneficent saying".
The sixth: His preference for Almighty God saying " In case you have any suspicion".
The seventh: The waiting period for the pregnant woman.
The researcher has presented scholars' opinion in each problem then made a balance among these opinions mentioning their evidences and preference concerning each problem. These problems have, then, been arranged according to the arrangement of Ayats in the Holy Quran.
The paper ends with a conclusion.
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