الفکر الاقتصادی عند الماوردی فی قسمة الفیء والغنیمة من الأموال والأرضین
مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة,
2010, السنة 2, العدد 8, الصفحة 57-81
الملخصThe research entitled ((The Economical Concept of Al-Mawardi
in Distributing of the Booty)) includes the exposition of his
economical opinions according to the following:
1- Presenting a summary about his rank and position in the period of the Abbasid caliph "Al-qaim Bi Amir Allah", and also his economical policy in which he harmonized between the demands of the Sultan, commanders, taxes collectors and the demands of the Islamic law, therefore Al-Mawardi considered as one the greatest theorists of his time.
2- He considered as a follower of the Shafi doctrine therefore his ideas and thoughts are matching the ideas and thoughts the Imam Shafi's. Because while speculation of the booty money he found out that the tool of one fifth from it has a script which is not allowed to be jurisprudence or theorized. And limited four-fifth for the army and the Muslims' public interests in contrast to the other opinions of not deducting one-fifth of the booty and it is according to the Imam's opinion. And he saw that four-fifth of the booty properties should be in the public interest with taxes on the renters.
3- The opinion of Al-Mawardi is alike with the other theorist about the necessity of paying the booty from the one-fifth while the other four-fifth would be distributed among the gainers, but they are unlike in their opinions about the way of distributing it, because according to Al-Mawardi, the distribution should be deservedly without any preference of attending the war or not, but according to the other jurists, the distribution is according to the Imam's opinion with the participation of those who didn’t attend the war according the common interest. While the booty territories should be distrusted among the gainers after deducting the one-fifth from it unless if they want to leave it for the Imam then it will be in Muslims public interest with taxes as a rent.
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