ردمد المطبوع (Print ISSN): 2071-6028

ردمد الإلكترونيّ (Online ISSN): 2706-8722

الكلمات الرئيسة : imam


القدر عند الامام عبد الله بن المبارک 118هـ - 181هـ

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2016, السنة 7, العدد 27, الصفحة 271-313

Religion of God among the hardliner and negligent about it, but the intent is in the behavior for straightway between the two. Islam is the religion of a compromise between the parties that attract each other. Muslims are a compromise between people of other religion. They stand in the middle for unification comparing with Jews and Christians, Jews describe the God with shortage quality that is unique and special for creature and they resemble the Creator to creature, they said: God is stingy, poor, became tired when created heavens and the earth. God is far above that. Jews are cursed as they said. God is generous who does not spare, and the rich, who does not need others.
After the completion of this humble research, i would like to make a statement in the summary of research findings:
1. I found out through research that our imam IBN ALMUBARAK was one of followers to followers, and he had known about every science.
2. His death was in the city of HIT in Iraq, and this is considered as a great honor for Iraq, and clear indication that Iraq was a crossroad for scientists from all countries.
3. I found out through research that IBN ALMUBARAK - God's mercy upon him – was one of the scientists who maintained the belief of Ancestors, and the origins of the Sunna, and he followed scholars of hadeeth Approach in the belief.
4. The method that he followed was clear through his presentation of the issues of fate, and reasoning to it from followers of Quran and hadeeth, he was careful about ancestors of this nation to get to the right understanding.
5. Fatalism includes: firm belief that the Almighty God, Lord and Sovereign of everything and that life-giving Creator deadly, and he alone who deserves to be singled with worship, obedience, slavery, humiliation, submission and other types of worship
.

الصفات عند الإمام عبدالله بن المبارک 118هـ -181هـ

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2016, السنة 7, العدد 26, الصفحة 257-316

This study focuses on the efforts offorts of Iman Abdullah ibin Almubark to illustrate some topics of religion and sunnahby :

1- Explain the doctrine of sahabah , their beliefs and how they do not follow the corresponding quranic verses .

2- Show the doctrine of mutazila who think that Allha is old and being old is one of his characteristics. They believe that Allah knows by himself , able by himself. His ablity, knowledge and eternity related to Allah
3- The sunna and jamat proved the chararacteristics that are mentioned in Quraan and sunnah without any corresponding or representations theref ore sunni method considered intermegiary doctrine between almushabiha and mutazila.
4- sunni and jamat prove the characteristics of Allah that are
mentioned in Quran and sunah.
5- imam ibin mubarrak prove the characteristics of Allah without corresponding "Allah" almighty has names and characteristics and his characteristics are his description" he also said "we believe of what is told by Allah and prophet

ترجیحات الإمام یحیى بن أبی الخیر العِمْرانی (ت: 558 ھ) فی بعض مسائل الحج فی کتابه (البیان) دراسة فقهیة مقارنة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2015, السنة 6, العدد 24, الصفحة 230-331

This research aims at clarifying the laws of pilgrimage and to clarify especially those important issues which we have ambiguity about them.Another point of discussion is (what the pilgrim has to do deal with the holy duty ?). So we are going to explain all these laws and issues through the interpretations by Immam Yahia Bin Abu Alkair Alumrani died (558AH).He is one of Alshafai's Immam. He has written several books one of those books named (Albayan). All those rules and ambiguities will be studied as doctrinal study and comparison between Islamic schools such as Hanifia , Malikia, Shafiie and Hanbali .In addition Alzaidia, Aldhahiria and Alimmamia . Theyare arranged according to their own precedence and take the right opinion with strong and enough evidence without any sort of fanaticism for any one from Islamic schools according to Alumrani Immam every muslim has the right to follow what is proper from these schools. Therefore the content comes as the title

التفاضل بین الملائکة والأنبیاء عند الإمام ابن الفرس الأندلسی من خلال کتابه أحکام القرآن دراسة عقائدیة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2015, السنة 6, العدد 24, الصفحة 420-448

Through my study and reading show me the best prophts of angels to the following arguments :
1- Adam know of angels and more knowledge able better.
2-That Adam was angelis has the best of Alan.
3- The words is all only God thus a better understanding of the angels representing arrange of worlds
4- To obey humans the most difficult of the obedience of angels , that is the prophets most obedient to God better than angels , that because of brother does it best .

الإمام سفیان الثوری(161هـ) وإیراده للقراءات القرآنیة فی تفسیره جمعاً ودراسة

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2015, السنة 6, العدد 24, الصفحة 36-120

Observed in this study revenue Alamam Al- Thory Sixty-one reading of the Holy Quran readings in his book ( the interpretation of the Sufian Al- Thory) , which included forty-five read frequently , and nine anomalies , and seven uniqueness of the Imam in her novel , and perhaps the reason for the lack of readings contained in this book , due to the fact that The Imam Al-Thory did not explain the entire Holy Qur'an , nor did he explain the verses of Sura per fully , but it was taken out of the spectrum that extracts explained briefly , and through this interpretation is noteworthy readings . It was God 's mercy gives readings of her without any direction or analysis or explanation , but it was only Bzla only , but went to more than that , it did not constitute readings Pray to control and express only rarely. Among the most prominent reasons that led to optional for this book among the other books of the explanation offered by the era in which without this book , as it is revolutionary followers of Imam Al-Thory followers, giving the tincture of this research originality. And reflecting on these readings cited by the Al-Thory here , we knew any of the readings is the right thing , in addition to those supported by it goes against them , from his contemporaries and former him , and then after that I worked on them and what penalties were offset printed on the Holy Quran as well.

Imam Abee Naser Ibin Slsabagh alshafay jurisprudence of purity, a comparative study a course of (hiliat alolama)

Abid Mukhlif Jawad Alfahdawi

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2011, السنة 3, العدد 12, الصفحة 162-191

Religious sciences are the superior and topmost important sciences than the person should learn. Almighty God has provided some people to serve this religion (Islam) at any period of time to elucidate its rules for all human being. One of these people is Imam Abu Nasser Al-Sabagh, author of “Al-Shamel” (The comprehensive in Jurisprudence). Which is one of most important and best of Al-Shafia books.
The title of the present paper is “The Religious viewpoints of Imam Abi Nasser Ibn Al- Sabagh Al-Shafia' in Purity: A Juridical Comparative Study through the Book of Heliat Al-Ulama’ (Ornament of Scholars). Abu Nasser is an Iraqi scholar who was born in 400 B.C and studied at Al-Nedhamia school in Baghdad and died and buried there. He is one of Al-Shafia' scholars and is considered a prominent figure in this sect. He has certain religious viewpoint scattered in the most important books, the researcher has been very keen to collect them on a section specified for purity to look into them, compare them with other sects' followers and select the most plausible of these views depending on the power of evidence.
The most important results of the paper are:
1-Historians and genealogists did not differ at his surname and ancestry. He is Abu Nasser Abed Al-Saeed Bin Mohammed Bin Abdul Wahed Bin Ahmed Bin Tafer Al-Baghdadi.
2-Abu Nasser was born in Baghdad in 400 and lived in Dar Al-Maratib. He was the first to study at Al-Nedhamia school.
3- Abu Nasser has some publications such as; Comprehensive jurisprudence, The perfect in Dispute, Remembrance of the Scholar and the Right Path, Sufficient Answers for Questions, Waiting period according to Fundamentals of Jurisprudence for a Wife Whose Husband is Dead and the Legal Opinion.
4-It has been confirmed that any person having two dishes; one is pure and the second is impure, should spoil them and ablute with earth then do his prayers as worshippings are based on precaution.
5-It has been confirmed that the skin does become pure through drying by sun, it should be tanned.
6-It has been confirmed that order in ablution in not a must.
7-It has been confirmed that any person who becomes certain of excrement or purity but has doubt of which comes before the other should trace his state before these conditions. Should he have an excrement, he is now pure, but if he was pure, now he should have made an excrement.
8-It has be confirmed that guffaw does not turn a prayer but ablution imperfect.

The method of imam altemrtashi in(maeen almufty ala jawab almustafty)

Uthman Flaih Hassan Almuhamady

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2011, السنة 3, العدد 10, الصفحة 24-67

The title of this research is “Method of Imam Al-Tamirtashy in his Book Helper of Al-Mufti for Answering Al-Mustafti”. This research includes an introduction, six sections and a conclusion.
I wrote briefly about the biography of Imam Al-Tamirtashy in the first section to suit this short paper. The second section deals with the study of the book. I identified it and I mentioned the reason behind writing it besides its rank among the books of Al-Hanafi jurisprudence. As concerns the third section, I dealt with his sources since the author depended on many important references of Al-Hanafi jurisprudence. The fourth section studies the author’s method in his book and this includes his general method when writing the book and his method when citing others then his method in writing the issues of the book. In the fifth section ,I studied the deductions of the author in his book since he deduced depending on the Holy Quran and the Sunna. He also deduced depending on poetry. The sixth section dealt with the preponderances of the author in his book which were of two types: preponderances of the authors whom he cited and his preponderances which concern the book .As regards the conclusion, it contains the most important results the researcher arrived at.

Imam Alhadadi 's Method of exlaining what is called (almuadhah fee altafseer)

Ahmed Qassim Abdul Rahman

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2011, السنة 3, العدد 10, الصفحة 387-439

There is no doubt that interpretations carried out by scholars represent their right on followers, particularly their students and those seeking knowledge. As a result, I found it imperative to interpret for this Emam, known as “Al-Hidadi” , for I have not found any interpretation for him. He has been neglected by researchers and those who are busy with Al-Tabaqat (Layers) books. We have got very little insight concerning this Emam, therefore I have tried shed light on him.
He is the ascetic and pious scholar Emam Ahmed Bin Mohammed Bin Ahmed Abu Nasser Al-Samarqandi . He was called the sheikh of Quran recitors in Samarqand. He had learnt Quran recitation at the hands of Mashiakh (Teachers of Quran Recitation) in different places. He had been praised by many scholars and had carried out many revisions and narrations.
He was famous in his work in interpretation in addition to his work in recitation. One of his publication in interpretation is “ The Elucidate in Interpretation”. His approach in this book is characterized by treatment of alien works in the Holy Quran. He used poetry as evidence for meanings of alien words in the Holy Quran. He adopted the approach of ancient scholars in their treatment of alien words as they give the meaning of the words associated sometimes with evidence from the speech of the Arabs. Sometimes, he deals with grammatical issues, retiring to some recitations of the Ayahs .
As for his death, sources do not indicate the year when he died, but there had been a reference that he died after 400 D.C. when he was 60 years old or more.

ترجیحات الإمام أبی جعفر الطبری فی فقه العدّة فی تفسیرهِ

مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامیة, 2010, السنة 2, العدد 8, الصفحة 82-140

The present research consists of an introduction and two sections in addition to a conclusion. The first section gives a biography of Emam Al-Tabari, Muhammad Bin Jareer Bin Yazeed Abu Jaffer Al-Tabari, from an Amili birth and Baghdadi origin and death. He was at the end of 224 Hijri and dead in 310 Hijri. Then, the section identifies his name, surname, ancestry, birth, origin, traits, morals, his scientific biography concerning his search for knowledge, his tutors, his pupils, publications, his status among other scholars, his jurisprudence approach, expressions of preference he uses and his approach of exposing jurisprudence problems in his interpretation.
The second section talks about widows waiting period, defines it linguistically and terminologically. It present the evidence for its legitimacy, causes of its necessity, its beginning and end as well as the philosophy behind its legislation. It moves, then, to talks about the cases the Emam has preferred which as seven in number as follows:
The first: The intended meaning of the term " menstruation".
The second: Prohibiting women from keeping back what they hold in their wombs.
The third: In Almighty God recitation " And they(women) have (rights) like(the obligations) they are under with beneficence ".
The fourth: Make up and perfume for the widow during his waiting period as a result of her husband's death.
The fifth: The meaning of "secret" in his Almighty saying " But do not make any promise with them secretly, except that you say some beneficent saying".
The sixth: His preference for Almighty God saying " In case you have any suspicion".
The seventh: The waiting period for the pregnant woman.
The researcher has presented scholars' opinion in each problem then made a balance among these opinions mentioning their evidences and preference concerning each problem. These problems have, then, been arranged according to the arrangement of Ayats in the Holy Quran.
The paper ends with a conclusion.